【学术讲座】-Marc André Meyers-Biological Materials Science: Challenges and Opportunities
Biological Materials Science: Challenges and Opportunities
Marc André Meyers
The entry of biology into materials science and engineering is considerably enriching it. Traditionally, materials science was at the intersection of physics, chemistry, and engineering. The quest for new materials with enhanced properties and functionalities through the study of biological materials is resulting in a cornucopia of new concepts, some of which are already finding industrial applications. Successful examples are Velcro and the Gecomer. Many more will come. Another rich area is the continuous development of new biomaterials for body applications.
In this seminar, I will review the basic principles of biological materials and will illustrate the application of the materials science principles to a number of biological materials studied by our group: extremely tough fish scales, extremely light weight structures of avian feathers, and our skin, which we take for granted but which has outstanding tear resistance. These properties have evolved through billions of years of evolution; the fabulous characterization, analysis, and modeling tools of materials science are being used to much successfully in revealing the linkage between their structure, properties, and performance.
时间：2019.08.23 周五 下午2:30-3:30
Throughout his career, he received a number of important awards. The most prestigious of these, the Acta Materialia Materials and Society Award, Humboldt Society Senior Scientist Award in Metal Physics, Heyn Medal (highest award of the German Materials Society), J. S. Rinehart Award from the DYMAT Association, Lee Hsun Lecture Award from the Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, TMS Educator Award, ASM Albert Sauveur Accomplishment Award, Albert White Educator Award, SMD/TMS Distinguished Scientist and Distinguished Service Awards. He is the Fellow of TMS, APS, and ASM International. He is also the co-recipient, with D. Benson, E. Bringa, V. Lubarda, and S. Traiviratana of the JOM (TMS) best paper award in structural materials.
Representative Publications: (Total: ~465 papers and ~10 books)
1. M. A. Meyers, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, New York: Wiley, 1994 (translated into Chinese). ~3,300 citations
2. M. A. Meyers, et al., Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Cambridge University Press, 2008 (translated into Chinese). ~2,600 citations
3. M. A. Meyers, P. Y. Chen, Biological Materials Science: Biological Materials, Bioinspired Materials, and Biomaterials, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
4. M. M. Porter, D. Adriaens, R. L. Hatton, M. A. Meyers, J. McKittrick, Why the seahorse tail is square, Science, 349, 46 (2015)
5. B. Wang, T. N. Sullivan, A. Pissarenko, A. Zaheri, H. D. Espinosa, M. A. Meyers, Lessons from the Ocean: Whale Baleen Fracture Resistance, Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 3, Page 1804574, 2019.
6. W. Yang, V. R. Sherman, B. Gludovatz, E. Schaible, P. Stewart, R. O. Ritchie and M. A. Meyers, On the tear resistance of skin, Nature Communications, 6: 6649 (2015). ~126 citations
7. B. Wang, W. Yang, J. McKittrick and M. A. Meyers, Keratin: Structure, Mechanical Properties, Occurrence in Biological Organisms, and Efforts at Bioinspiration, Progress in Materials Science, 76: 229-318 (2016). ~192 citations
8. M. A. Meyers, et al., Mechanical properties of nanocrystalline materials, Progress in Materials Science, 2006. ~3,500 citations
9. M. A. Meyers, et al., The onset of twinning in metals: A constitutive description, Acta Materialia, 2001. ~1,100 citation
10. M. A. Meyers, et al., Biological materials: Structure and mechanical properties, Progress in Materials Science, 2008. ~1,700 citations